The raised window protected garden started out of desperation to get all the spring seedlings out of the house a few years ago. It was our first spring in this house and I was super busy so Anna put together a simple temporary greenhouse that worked surprisingly well. Next spring I built a bigger structure for the same purpose and we also tried to grow some tomatoes in there over the summer. We were blown away by the results. You can read all about it here.
Last spring I resolved to build a real raised window protected garden. We already knew that this is a great way to grow tomatoes in cold climate. It creates a micro climate for heat loving plants. The outcome is beautiful and very practical. And here is how I did it.
The size of the bed and the amount of needed materials will greatly depend on the size of the storm windows that you already have or can get your hands on. The raised bed may be made of cinderblocks, stone, bricks, or wood. I like the look of the wood. The following list reflects what we used on materials:
- 16pcs of 2″x6″x16′ spruce boards
- ca. 30′ chain link fence
- Weed control or landscape fabric
- 8 recycled storm windows
Size and plan
We made a U-shape bed to make it easy accessible. Because of the window external wall every corner has to be reached from inside.
Our bed is 9’3″ long and 6’5″ wide and 17″ high. The height of the side wall should be at least 14″ to 16″ tall so that you end up having 12″ of soil in the bed. The height of the windows is 24 inches. We would not recommend using smaller windows because that would decrease the sheltering effect. The beds are 26 inch wide, this was what it came to with our recycled storm windows. However, it is a good size to grow plants in. The inside of the box turned out to be 2 feet wide.
I also made an entrance door from a storm window to enclose the micro climate in the raised bed.
There are several ways to join the boards, i.e. simple butt joint, mortise and tenon, or saddle notch joint. I chose double notch which is often used in log house construction.
It’s relatively easy to make this type of a joint. You start by cutting a 1.38″ deep and 1.5″ wide notch. I used a circular handsaw to cut repeatedly within the notch area to produce a series of thin wafers which I then scraped out with a chisel. You could leave the edge at the end of the boards as is, I simply cut 45° chamfer.
The outcome is a very beautiful joint. As you may have noticed you will need to rip one board in half long ways.
Raised bed construction
Putting together the bed was as easy as stacking Lego blocks. In the picture you see the 2×2 posts in each corner and the center of the external wall that screwed to the boards. They will be used for attaching the storm windows to the structure. If you are using wood for a raised bed garden, then it is advisable to line the inside with plastic to protect the wood from rotting.
Another great way to keep an air gap between the soil and the lumber is by lining with chain link fence wire and landscape fabric on top. This way the wood stays dry and you actually have the effect of a grow bag, where the roots split when they get close to the sidewall instead of becoming root bound.
Note: This would also be a great way to protect the raised bed from burrowing animals such as gophers and moles if the bed is placed directly on the soil, but for additional protection you might want to put chicken wire under the whole bed.
I attached the chain link to the boards using nails.
Next layer was the control or landscape fabric. We lined the raised bed with it, stapled it to the boards and now the bed is ready to be filled with soil.
The most important part of a garden bed is the soil. We mixed Mel’s Mix from the All New Square Foot Gardening book. Mixing together: 1/3 compost, 1/3 vermiculite, 1/3 peat moss.
Mel’s Mix is a very light and rich soil. It keeps the moisture and is great to work with. For tomatoes we also add more compost each year at planting time.
Extra protection for the raised window protected garden
The micro climate in the raised window protected garden is already much warmer than outside. However in our cold climate sometimes more is needed. It is easy to add a frost blanket to the garden.
All in all we are very happy with the outcome of our raised window protected garden. If you build one, please let us know how it works for you. We also love seeing pictures on Facebook or Instagram.